MedCities has led the communication and stakeholders engagement activities, engaging among others the member city of Palma.

The development of the Coastal Protection Strategy considering the climate change effects for the Balearic Islands is an initiative financed by the EC´s Structural Reform Support Programme upon request of the Spanish Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge (MITECO), Directorate General for the Coast and the Sea (DGCS).

The mission of the Strategies is to support the decision-making and management of the actions to be carried out by DGCM in the Balearic Islands during the current management cycle- from the present (reference year 2020) until 2045- within the framework of its competences for the management of coastal erosion risk (protection of the coast), maximizing synergies with flood risk management and incorporating adaptation to climate change.

The preparation of the Strategies began in December 2019 and, along 24 months of work, has been organized into the following 3 successive phases: 1) Diagnosis, to improve the understanding of coastal protection issues, as well as to understand the perception of coastal problems by relevant actors and to analyse the governance framework; 2) Proposal of measures, with the objective of identifying the actions to be carried out by the DGCM, within the framework of its competences; and 3) Final reporting, whose objective is to rank and guide decision-making steps regarding the implementation of these actions.

The development of the Strategies included two consultation phases which had to be performed online due to the sanitary restrictions. A first moment during the diagnosis phase addressed to the main local stakeholders (October 2020) gathered information on the perception of coastal protection management problems in order to take this information into account in the Integrated Diagnosis, as well as on best practices and lessons learned on coastal management actions already implemented in Balearic Islands. These contributions were incorporated into the Catalogue of measures. A second consultation aimed at the local stakeholders and opened to the general public, launched through an online session in October 2021, in which the work carried out during the phase dedicated to the proposal of measures (catalogue of measures and their selection and prioritisation) was presented in order to gather public comments and take them into consideration for the final drafting of the Strategies. The city of Palma has been strongly engaged in both consultation moments.

With this Strategy, articulated through 8 Strategic Objectives, the DGCS aims to return to a more natural state in Balearic Islands and thus favour the natural resilience of the coastal physical environment as the fundamental means for the prevention of the coastal erosion risk and for the adaptation to climate change, so that the protective function of coastal ecosystems over permitted assets and uses is enhanced while increasing the biodiversity and wealth of the natural environment.

The Strategy has been elaborated by a European consortia led by Coastal & Marine Union (EUCC) under the technical direction of the Environmental Hydraulics Institute of the University of Cantabria (IHCantabria) with the participation of the Balearic Islands Coastal Ocean Observing and Forecasting System and MedCities – in charge of communication and local stakeholders engagement- in collaboration and under the supervision of MITECO.

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